In this part, we will continue to study the orientation of ancient buildings in Asia. On all the images at the top is always North.
Anjar Lebanon town is located in 58 kilometers from Beirut. In ancient times the city was called Guerra. It is believed that on the place of Anjar stood ancient itureysky Haltsis city, but till now the city has not been found, despite the efforts of archaeologists. But were found ruins of the palace complex beginning of VIII century. The palace belonged to the Caliph Walid I. The palace had a plan similar to the traditional plan of Roman settlements. During the construction of the palace were used fragments of ancient buildings. Around the palace was built a high wall, which is quite well preserved.
The whole complex is oriented along the azimuth of 10°/100°, which corresponds to the angle of nonagon.
Bishapur, is an ancient city in southern Iran. It is founded in the mid-3rd century by Sassanids (3 - 7 centuries.); it is now in ruins. It had a rectangular plan, double walls with the main gates oriented to the west, a rectangular grid of streets. In the city center there are two votive (initiatory) columns, two altars and a statue of Shapur I. There are also remains of a stone palace, bas-reliefs, carved stucco and mosaic floors. To the east from Bishapur, there are ruins of the citadel to the west there are rock reliefs, and in 8 km from them there is a grotto with a broken statue of Shapur I in height 8 m.
The small temple with its diagonal is oriented along the azimuth of 100° and corresponds to nonagon. A large temple and some other buildings are oriented according to pentagram along the azimuth of 54°.
Byblos is one of the oldest Phoenician cities (modern Jebeil) on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Starting from the 4th millennium BC it was in the busiest trade relations with Egypt, exporting mainly timber in exchange for papyrus, linen and so on.
Some of the surviving buildings in Byblos are oriented to hexagram and pentagram.
These 34 monasteries and temples, extending over a distance of over 2 km, carved each for other in the wall of a high basalt cliff, not far from the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. Thanks to Ellora with its uninterrupted sequence in the formation of heritage in the period 600-1000 years, traces of ancient Indian civilization reached our days. Ellora - is not only a complex of unique art and technical achievements. It is also an illustration of tolerance spirit typical for ancient India, which is confirmed with located near sanctuaries of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism.
The biggest temple is oriented to west-east axis along the azimuth of 90°. But, if you turn nonagon on 10 degrees, turrets and the angle in the western part of the temple coincide with the axes.
Istakhr also Stuhr is an ancient city in southern Iran, five kilometers north from the ancient capital of Persepolis on the road to Pasargadae. The city developed during the Achaemenid dynasty. Istakhr city was the center of Zoroastrianism in it kept the original Avesta. During the campaign against Persia, Alexander the Great burned the city. Much later Istakhr became the capital of the Sassanid state, king Ardashir 1 settled here, but then the capital moved to Bishapur, and then to Ctesiphon. During the Islamic conquest Istakhr was burned.
But the ruins still indicate the direction 45° and the walls are the diagonals of the square.
Large polished blocks, perfectly matched to each other without the fixing solution, cyclopean structures, amazing pillars and arches, sarcophagi, carved out of solid rock - all of this you see not in distant Mexico, Peru or Egypt and almost by our side in the solar Turkey!
The first buildings on the place of Hierapolis appeared in the 2nd millennium BC Eumenes II in 190 BC and the city itself was founded much later only in the second century BC., king of Pergamum built a new city on this place and called it Hierapolis (the holy city), which was subsequently destroyed by an earthquake and rebuilt.
Amphitheater of Hierapolis together with the neighboring temple are oriented and designed according to the angles and proportions of nonagon. Other buildings on the territory of the city also correspond to the correct figures.
The most interesting monument heyday of Khorezm is fort Koi Krylgan Kala. Sands long time did not allow the machines of expedition to get to these amazing ruins and the first diggers were delivered here from airplanes in 1950. They saw the ruins of a fortified structure having in plan the shape of a circle with a diameter of about 100 m. In the center stood array of round towering building, crowned by walls with narrow arrow-shaped loopholes. This wall is oriented along the azimuth of 80° and corresponds to nonagon.
Nimrod Fortress is an ancient fortress located on a hill (800 m above sea level) in the Upper Galilee in the foothills above the creek Hermon Banias. Jews call this place a fortress Nimrod in memory of Nimrod, the biblical king who according to legend lived in these places: "And Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be mighty one on the earth; He was a mighty hunter before the [God], because it is said: mighty hunter like Nimrod, before the God. (Byt.10: 8-9).
The fortress remained poorly, but nevertheless it is clear that it is oriented according to hexagram along the azimuth of 30°.
Metropolis was founded around 725 BC. The city was developed in the beginning of the 3rd century BC, it was surrounded by a magnificent defensive walls, had a temple of Ares, various monumental buildings such as the Stoa and the theater were established on the Acropolis. During the Roman period, the city retained its importance, but the Romans preferred to settle on plain but not on the slopes. In the end of the Byzantine period wars and instability led to a decrease in the size of the city. Later, Metropolis was inhabited by Turks. Amphitheatre of the city is oriented according to octagon along the azimuth 45°/135°.
Troy, with its 4,000 years history - it is one of the most famous archaeological objects in the world. It was opened by the famous archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in 1870. The scientific value of these rich findings is that they clearly demonstrate the first contact between the civilizations of Anatolia and the Mediterranean world. Besides, the siege of Troy by the Achaeans and the Spartans from ancient Greece in XIII-XII centuries. BC, which was immortalized by Homer in the Iliad, inspired artists throughout the world.
Structures of Troy are orientated according to hexagram and pentagram.
The most important structures built by order of Solomon undoubtedly is the temple. Thanks to it Jerusalem finally established itself as God's chosen city, national and religious center of the United Kingdom. Solomon "began to build the house of the God in Jerusalem ..." according to the plan developed by his father, King David, who was not given a blessing for the construction, together with the Supreme Court (the Sanhedrin). Materials for temple were prepared part by King David and part sent friendly to Solomon Hiram king of Tyre.
The southern wall of the temple is oriented along the azimuth of 80° and corresponds to nonagon.
The Blue Mosque is also called Shrine of Hazrat Ali. It is located in the city of Mazar-i-Sharif, what is reflected in its title. Originally, this place was known that there was buried Shiite leader Ali. On this place mosque was built. The name "Blue" it got through the use of glazed tiles for the mosque.
According to the story, Hazrat Ali was buried in Mazar-i-Sharif, and after that the tomb was built, which was destroyed by Genghis Khan. However, in the XV century, it was restored by Hussein Bayqara. It should be noted that this type of mosque had been given by modern restorers.
The mosque is oriented along the azimuth of 80°/170° and corresponds to nonagon.
Salbyksky large mound is located in the Valley of the Kings this is one of the most majestic and mysterious monuments of southern Siberia, a kind of apotheosis of mound construction in ancient Khakassia.
Archaeologists found that the mound was built in the 3rd century BC. The first mention of Salbyksky Kurgan were made in 1739 by famous scientist Miller, who claimed that Salbyksky mound is a proof of power and wealth of the former kingdom of Tagar. The basis of this grand burial structure make huge stone slabs, dug on the side of the square with a side of 70 meters.
Square is oriented along the azimuth of 75° and corresponds to hexagram with rotation on 15°.
Ancient ruins scientists have discovered in the late XIX century, on the bank of the mysterious Lake Tere-Khol Tuva. But, until now, no one seriously investigated them. Fortress (presumably VIII century BC) was built on a grand scale- four acres of land are surrounded with walls in height up to 25, and a thickness of up to 9 meters. When and who built it, is not known. Ancient builders had to bring to the island thousands tons of clay and fired brick, wood. Why? From whom it was necessary to defend in this desolate and rugged terrain? Tuvan shamans offer their own version: the fortress stands on the place of northern entrance to the legendary underground land of Shambhala. But where it is specifically now impossible to say.
If we assume that the fortress is a navigational mark, the orientation of Port Bazhyn confirms this version. At first glance, anyhow built a fortress, finds a match to angles of correct figures oriented to the cardinal.
The western side of the construction corresponds to the azimuth of 10° and is a side of nonagon. One of diagonals of fortress corresponds to diagonal of the square oriented to the cardinal points, i.e. - 135°. Azimuth of other diagonal corresponds to the angle of hexagram - 60 degrees.
Ushtogaysky square is geometrical figure consisting of 101 embankment in the form of barrows. The length of square side is 287 meters! Approximately at a distance of 112 m from the northwest corner along diagonal there are three rings with diameter of 19 meters each. On the opposite side, at a distance of 112 meters from the south-eastern corner there is a mound 18 meters in diameter. If the square, rings and embankment are single figure, the length of the figure is 643 meters!
Ushtogaysky square is inscribed in pentagram and with its diagonal denotes the direction of 72°.
Reign of Koguryo began in 37 BC and ended in 668 new era. Ruins of Koguryo kingdom capital and burial of rulers and nobles of the state mainly are concentrated within the present city of Ji'an in Korea. In these areas was political, cultural and economic center of the early and middle period of Goguryeo kingdom.
From this once powerful kingdom remained tombs pyramidal shape of its rulers. The most famous of these Korean pyramids are oriented according to correct geometrical figures.
13 Mingsk graves are located about in 50 kilometers from Beijing, in Changping district. Creation of the memorial began in 1409 i.e. in the beginning of 15th century. The total area of ??the memorial is 40 square kilometers. According to historical data in 1407 the Empress died Xushui County, the wife of the third Ming emperor Yongle. The emperor ordered to send people who know the area to choose a suitable location for the grave of the Empress.
One of the tombs is not only orientated along the azimuth of hexagram - 120°, but also is designed in the proportions of hexagon.
This place located in 20 kilometers from Beijing can be safely called the valley of the pharaohs, as here there are about 8 such tombs, two of which are oriented according to nonagon. Moreover, these tombs are perpendicular to each other.
In hundred kilometers to the west from the park Asuka, near the town Takasago there is an object that represents attached to the rock megalith with size 5,7x6, 4x7,2 meters and weighing about 500-600 tons. Ishi-no-Hoden so is called the megalith. On one of the vertical surfaces of the monolith has a protrusion in the form of truncated prism - in result appears a strong impression that the object lies on its side.
Due to the fact that the stone is not separated from the cliff it is considered, that this kind of " semifinished product ", i.e. block left on the place of its production. But, the feeling that the megalith was not completed until the end can be deceptive. Possibly that it is located where it necessary and serves as a navigational mark.
This object is orientated according to nonagon and consistent to its proportions.
Statue of Maitreya Buddha in Leshan is the tallest Buddha statue in the world and for over a millennium, the highest sculptural work in the world. It is carved deep in the rock in the mountain Linyunshan at the confluence of three rivers China's Sichuan province near the city of Leshan. Face of Buddha (Maitreya) is directed to situated opposite sacred mountain Emei.
Head of Buddha stands on a par with the mountain, and his feet rest against the river. Works on the creation of the statue took place during the reign of the Tang Dynasty, starting with 713, and lasted for ninety years. The height of the statue is 71 m, height of the head is almost 15 m, swing of shoulders is almost 30 m, the length of the finger is 8 m, toe is 1.6 m, length of the nose is 5.5 m. It is recognized in a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The direction, in which the Buddha looks, corresponds to the angle of hexagram 300 degrees.
The ruins of Taxila on the Indus River reflect different stages in the development of the city: from the ancient Neolithic burial of Sarai Kala-up to remains of the cities Sirkap (II century BC) and Sirsuh (I century AD.). The city was alternately influenced by Persia, Greece and Central Asia, and from V century BC to the II. AD was an important Buddhist center of education.
The biggest stupa of Taxila is oriented along the azimuth of 75°.
Sanchi complex is located on a hill surrounded by plains, about 40 km from the city of Bhopal. It consists of a group of Buddhist monuments (monolithic pillars, palaces, temples and monasteries), which have varying degrees of preservation and mainly relate to the II-I centuries BC This is the oldest survivors Buddhist shrines, is a major center of Buddhism in India until the XII century.
Many complex structures are oriented according to the angles of regular geometric shapes.
City of Polonnaruwa is located in 214 km. to the north-east of Colombo. Medieval capital (1070-1293) and today is one of the most important centers of cultural heritage of the country is located in the center of the arid zone of Sri Lanka. Year of foundation of the city is not known. It is likely that the first inhabitants came here in the II century BC, as evidenced by the inscriptions on the walls of caves in the vicinities of Polonnaruwa, dating from the same period.
One of stupas of Polonnaruwa has an azimuth of 65° and is designed in the proportions of hexagram. From this stupa the direction to the west is the exact one to Sigiriya. Some other structures of the complex are also oriented according to a regular geometric shape.
Thera Mahinda introduced Theravada Buddhism and veneration chety in Sri Lanka. By his request, the king Devanampiyatissa built Thuparamayu in which stores clavicular bone of the Buddha. It is believed that this was the very first Ruwanweli monument in Sri Lanka. Thuparamaya name derives from the merger of the words "stupa" and "Aram" the abode of the monks.
Stupa is oriented along the azimuth of 108°, which corresponds to the angle of pentagram.
Taj Mahal is the greatest architectural monument of India. It was built on the banks of river Yamuna in two kilometers from the city of Agra which since 1526 till 1707 (along with Delhi) was the capital of the Mongol Empire. Taj Mahal has become not only one of the most famous monuments of world architecture, but also a symbol of love, the love of Shah Jahan to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan was the fifth ruler of the Great Mongols dynasty. Taj Mahal this is changed name of his wife and a monument in her honor.
It is considered also that the palace was built as a spiritual center of Muslims throughout the Great Empire. Construction of the mausoleum, exceeding the rest by size and luxury which were in India at the time, lasted for more than twenty years (from about 1632 till 1654). Marble for the construction of the mausoleum was brought over 300 kilometers from unique Radzhputanskoy quarry. In the construction of the Taj Mahal was attended by over 20,000 masters from Persia and the Middle East. But where did they took them?
Taj Mahal is oriented along the cardinal points and is designed in the proportions of pentagram. If you choose the scale, as it is shown in the picture, combining angles of pentagram with any key points of the temple, they will still communicate with each other.
Qutub Minar is the world's tallest brick minaret, which was built in Delhi by several generations of rulers of the Delhi Sultanate. Minaret is the center of the complex historical monuments from different eras. Brick minaret in height of 72.6 meters is a unique monument of medieval Indo-Islamic architecture and is protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The first Muslim ruler of India, Qutbuddin Aibak impressed with Afghan Minaret of Jam so that to surpass it began the construction of minaret in 1193, but was only able to complete the foundation.
Around the minaret, within 300 m are located a few ancient structures - tombs of rulers. If you choose the tomb ADHAM KHAN TOMB for the center of the system, between the tomb Alai minar and Qutub Minar will be 20 degrees, and between the Qutub Minar and the tomb Quli Khan's Tomb will be 30. In addition, azimuth between Quli Khan's tomb and the construction of Metcalfe's Folly corresponds to the angle of pentagram 18°.
Tarim is the second the most important for Muslims, after Mecca, the spiritual center and till 70 years of XX century the foot of European did not set to it and penetrated into its territory illegally stranger just killed on the spot. The town is small but all in mosques. They say there are 365 them there, by number of days in a year.
Central Palace of Tarim is oriented according to pentagram, and part of this construction is oriented in accordance with nonagon.
ANGKOR is the ancient capital of Cambodia. For many centuries, the Khmer kings who considered themselves equal to Gods built here magnificent palaces and temples. In X-XII centuries, Angkor, for sure, was one of the largest cities in the world. Although after in 1431 army neighbor - Siam invaded and destroyed the city, the people left it and it fell into the power of the jungle that hid it from humanity for many years. Years, and the jungle did not spare the wooden buildings, although the palaces and temples, despite of the destruction, were able to withstand the jungle and shocked European scientists completely who saw them in the middle of the 19th century for the first time.
Angkor is the most important point of SDMS and the largest navigation system operating on the whole of Asia.
Most likely, angles and azimuths in Angkor are set by temples built in strictly defined areas. Many churches are just beginning to discover, many are not known yet. Angkor therefore requires a thorough and fundamental research.
In the image below green dots indicate the location of some churches. The hexagram iscentered around the temple of Angkor Wat and Baphuon temple on nonagon.
Not far from Beirut, in the Bekaa valley, lies the town of Baalbek is considered an ancient religious center of the Phoenicians.
On the hill, the height of which was specifically raised with stone terraces beautiful temples located, dedicated to the Gods of the sun, water and rain. The main temple was dedicated to Hadad - or Baal Labnanu - sun God to patron of Phoenicia, who was responsible for fertility.
Foundation of the temple consists of stone blocks. In the south-east wall of the temple grounds there are nine rows. Each block is about the size of 11x4, 6x3,3 m and weighs, respectively, more than 300 tons. On the same level in the adjacent south-western wall there are other six 300-ton stones, atop of which lie three enormous megalithic blocks, called Trilithon.
These three blocks of granite form the sixth, visible range of masonry walls. Each of those incredibly huge stones reaches an average length of 21.3 m, a height of 4.8 m and a width of 4 m. They weigh more than 800 tons each! Stones of Trilithon so neatly stacked and so accurately fitted that it is almost impossible to stick even a needle between them.
Baalbek complex is designed in accordance with pentagram. And on such a scale, as it is shown in the image below as we would not centered pentagram now along the other elements, it will interact anyway with the layout of the complex.
Diagonal orientation of big yard corresponds to the azimuth of 120 degrees and the angle of hexagram.