In 1937, French amateur
scientist Leon Pericard and paleontologist Sthane Lwoff found a cave
located in the town of La Marche in the west of France.
During the five years of excavation, they found more than 1,500
fragments of limestone slabs carved with figures. These findings, whose
age is estimated to be 15,000 years old, a real sensation in the
scientific world, as the stones were depicted modern humans dressed in
jackets, shoes, belts and with their hats.
On the walls of the cave of
La Marche there are pictures of lions, bears, antelope, horses, and 155
bright human portraits created long before the first civilizations, at
the time when Europe was still in the power of the Ice Age.
Pericard first discovered about 70 images of men, among whom were 49
prints only one human head and 18 throughout the human figure. 50
drawings depicting women, 12 men, and in five cases it was difficult to
determine the sex. In total, about 155 were found images of the person.
All plates with human
portraits were carefully mounted in the floor of the cave. Figures
carved into limestone fragments, worked out in detail, are the
characteristic features and differ from each other.
Immediately understand what is
depicted in stone at times difficult, since in many cases the images
were superimposed on each other. However, in the eyes of
archaeologists, these drawings have acquired a different meaning.
Then the cave of La Marche was
lost for nearly 60 years. In the early 21st century, outdoor pictures,
interested archaeologist Michael Rappenglueck from Munich. In 2002, he
studied in detail the image, and proved that the drawings are not
modern falsifications, and they do at least 15 million years, and the
French Historical Society officially confirmed the authenticity of the
findings. So that the portraits of people in the cave of La Marche, the
most ancient of all known to date.
In addition, Michael Rappenglueck found in the recesses of the cave floor, which correspond to certain constellations. One group that has been identified as the Pleiades, whose images are often found on the walls of Neolithic caves. But in the Paleolithic cave, which include La Marche, the Pleiades are first met. Dr. Rappenglueck suggested that these pits, in ancient times could fill in animal fat and set on fire by copying the stars in the sky. So do some nations in the Far East, spending their holidays devoted to the Pleiades, they worship.
Newly discovered cave paintings of La Marche, led to a major debate in the scientific community about the origins and development of ancient writing systems. In particular, engraved horn reindeer found in a cave, is proof that the complex symbolic system already existed during the Paleolithic, ie much earlier than previously thought. Derrick archaeologist Francesco (Francesco d'Errico), after analyzing the characters on the deer horn, proved that the people of that time had his own memory system that allowed them to record and store a variety of information.
We are used to represent our ancestors overgrown hair, long beards, dressed in animal skins. But then why prehistoric people in the cave of La Marche depicted in modern clothes. Is it possible that our ancestors existed processing technology skin and clothing. In that case, we should revise the theory of human development.
According to another version, it may be traces of civilization, which reached a high level, but died in the crash. Maybe those few who survived the cataclysm that tried to tell us about yourself.
In any case, people depicted in the caves of La Marche, very similar to us, and maybe that they launched the modern human civilization.
The study of the cave paintings of La Marche continues. Scientists are very careful in the conclusions. After all, if the guesses are confirmed, the centuries-old research in the field of anthropology can be reduced to nothing.
IMAGE GALLERY OF CAVE LA MARCHE.
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