Europe: Temples, Palaces - / Kiev Pechersk Lavra

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PHOTO: Alfredo Remón 5026'6.23" 3033'27.01"

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Kiev Pechersk Lavra, also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historical Orthodox Christian monastery in Kiev, Ukraine. Since Lavra's foundation as the cave monastery in 1015 the it has been a preeminent center of the Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Eastern Europe. Together with the Saint-Sophia Cathedral, it is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was named as one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine on August 21, 2007, based on voting by international experts and the internet community. The word "pechera" means cave. The word "lavra" is used to describe high-ranking monasteries for male monks of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Therefore the name of the monastery could be also translated as Kiev Cave Monastery, Kiev Caves Monastery or the Kiev Monastery of the Caves. According to the Primary Chronicle, in the early 11th century, Antony, a Greek Orthodox monk from Esphigmenon monastery on Mount Athos, originally from Liubech of the Principality of Chernigov, returned to Rus' and settled in Kiev as a missionary of monastic tradition to Kievan Rus'. He chose a cave at the Berestov Mount that overlooked the Dnieper River and a community of disciples soon grew. Prince Iziaslav Ist of Kiev ceded the whole mount to the Antonite monks who founded a monastery built by architects from Constantinople.


max 27.01.2015 16:04



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