Paestum B.jpg
PHOTO: RWFG 4025'17.45" 15 0'22.89"

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The main reason to come to Paestum is to see the most complete Doric temples in Italy. The zone of the Magna Grecia, greater Greece, starts here, and Paestum started out as a Greek settlement. Paestum is the Roman name of the city--the original Greek name was Poseidonia. Greece started to expand in the 8th century B.C. into southern Italy and Sicily, where they founded colonies among the small, agrarian settlements that were not organized well enough to be able to defend themselves from the arrival of Greeks--in this case Achaeans coming from Sybaris. Around 600 B.C. the Greeks settled in "Poseidonia," named in honor of the god of the Sea. Paestum has three of the best preserved doric temples in Italy: the Basilica of Hera, the Temple of Ceres, and, on the southern end of the site, the Temple of Neptune, built in 450 BC, the oldest and best preserved of the Greek temples in Italy.    

 

 


 

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