North America: Pyramids Коба / Coba

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PHOTO: leonel treviño 20°29'23.60"С 87°43'55.72"З

Коба (Coba) — руины города цевилизации индейцев майя, расположенные в 90 км восточнее города Чиен-Ица и 40 км западнее города майя Тулум. Коба находится около двух лагун (озер) – Coba и Macanxoc. В Кобе находятся пять групп зданий. К группе Нохох Мул (Nochoh Mul) относится пирамида Эль Кастийо (El Castillo) высотой в 42 м. К вершине пирамиды ведут 120 ступеней. На вершине пирамиды находится небольшое ритуальное помещение с алтарём, которые, предположительно, применялись для жертвоприношения богам.

 

 

Coba is a large ruined city of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization, located in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. It is located about 90 km east of the Maya site of Chichen Itza, about 40 km west of the Caribbean Sea, and 44 km northwest of the site of Tulum. Knowledge of this expansive site was never completely lost, but it was not examined by scholars until the 1920s.John Lloyd Stephens mentioned hearing reports of the site in 1841, but it was so distant from any known modern road or village that he decided the difficulty in trying to get there was too daunting. For much of the rest of the 19th century the area could not be visited by outsiders due to the Caste War of Yucatán. Teoberto Maler paid Coba a short visit in 1893 and took at least one photograph, but unfortunately did not publish at the time and the site remained unknown to the archeological community. The site remained little visited due to its remoteness until the first modern road was opened up to Coba in the early 1970s. As a major resort was planned forCancún, it was realized that clearing and restoring some of the large site could make it an importanttourist attraction.

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