PHOTO: Sonny☼ 3442'44.65" 33 8'36.36"

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In classical times Amathus was arguably Cyprus' most coveted pieces of real estate. The city's cliff top location provided protection from casual raiders, without discouraging traders and merchants plying their wares across the Mediterranean. Legend has it that Amathus was founded by one of Hercules' sons and soon flowered into one of the most important Cypriot city-kingdoms of the Hellenic age. It was a regional capital under the Romans and became a Byzantine bishopric before Arab raids finished it off and the city was abandoned. Aside from the occasional looting spree, Amathus remained forgotten until the late 19th century when excavations began to unearth some of its treasures.