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Historical objects  Petroglyphs, Frescos 16.04.2018. Serra-da-Capivara cave paintings.

петроглифы Серра-да-Капивара Serra-da-Capivara cave paintings.


National Park of Serra da Capivara is located in the North-East of Brazil, with a total area of 1291,4 sq. km national Park of Serra da Capivara is primarily known for its numerous monuments of prehistoric rock art. Within the present territory Serra da Capivara was found by the archaeologist Niede Gidon, she also raised the issue of giving protection areas of higher status. Thus, in 1991, the area of the Brazilian state of piauí, and in particular, the national Park of Serra da Capivara has been added to the list of world heritage of UNESCO.
 
The territory of the national Park of Serra da Capivara is interesting for its prehistoric past. As a result of long and scrupulous research of archaeologists, managed to learn many facts about this region. It turns out that the ground of the Serra da Capivara in ancient times was quite densely populated, there were concentrated the largest in ancient America of the farm.
 
Rock complex, located within the national Park of Serra da Capivara attracts a large mass of audience. Here found cave paintings caused about 14 thousand years ago. Together with rock art in the Park was discovered and traces the life of ancient people, these findings stumped the theory that native Americans are of Asian origin.If initially dominated version, according to which Homo sapiens has entered the territory of North America overland passage, which existed on the site of today's Bering Strait approximately 38 thousand years ago, and the territory of modern Brazil won and did about 13 thousand years, thanks to the unique discoveries in Serra da Capivara, scientists were able to establish that in the local caves people lived for 46 thousand years ago.
 
Петроглифы Серра-да-Капивара наскальные рисункиThe presence here of the antiquity of man can be traced in everything, one has only to look closely at. Even individual caves dug here, have traces of artificial processing. It is well established that the caves served as housing, the walls of which were decorated with scenes of hunting, dancing or various tribal customs. For rock art ancient people used natural resistant dyes: red hematite, white gypsum and black charcoal or bone.It took the archaeologists work among the thousands of rock carvings, it was possible to identify two types belonging to different cultures. Older drawings (9-12 thousand years BC) left Nordeste culture, these drawings are mostly rasskazyvayut about animals and hunting. Other culture Agresti (3-8 thousand years BC) portrayed the whimsical lines and geometric shapes. To date, failed to decipher this kind of writing.
 
Петроглифы Серра-да-КапивараThe remarkable nature of these sensational discoveries as they were made quite by accident. Originally this part of the state of Piaui just made a conservation area. Scientific employees attracted local areas of the grasslands with few trees and large cacti in the form of candelabra. Indeed, the unique nature of this corner of the earth - many plants and animals found their home in the Park Serra da Capivara, and it's the hottest area in Brazil, where the last many months of drought.
 
But despite the difficult climatic conditions of the Serra da Capivara is inhabited by a large number of rare and unique animals, these include the fleet-footed Panthers, apes, scary alligators, giant armadillos, anteaters, pumas, small birds, various snakes, about vampires, wingspan last more than one meter.
 
It is noteworthy, but relatively recently to the Park district (100 km to the West) was made new discoveries was a valuable prehistoric drawings.
 
Source krasnayakniga.ru

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