Europe: Petroglyphs, Frescos ПЕЩЕРА ЛАСКО / Lascaux

PHOTO: P. F. Glover 45° 3'11.83"С 1°10'11.23"В

Пещера Ласко или Ляско (фр. Grotte de Lascaux) во Франции — один из важнейших палеолитических памятников по количеству, качеству и сохранности наскальных изображений. Иногда Ласко называют «Сикстинской капеллой первобытной живописи». Живописные и гравированные рисунки, которые находятся там, не имеют точной датировки: они появились примерно в XVIII—XV тысячелетии до н. э. Долгое время их приписывали древней мадленской культуре, но последние изыскания показали, что они скорее относятся к более ранней солютрейской культуре.


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Lascaux is the setting of a complex of caves in southwestern France famous for its Paleolithic cave paintings. The original caves are located near the village of Montignac, in the Dordogne partement. They contain some of the most well-known Upper Paleolithic art. These paintings are estimated to be 16,000 years old. They primarily consist of realistic images of large animals, most of which are known from fossil evidence to have lived in the area at the time. In 1979, Lascaux was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list along with other prehistoric sites in the valley. The cave was discovered on 12 September 1940 by four teenagers, Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel, and Simon Coencas, as well as Ravidat's dog, Robot .Public access was made easier after World War II. By 1955, the carbon dioxide produced by 1,200 visitors per day had visibly damaged the paintings. The cave was closed to the public in 1963 in order to preserve the art. After the cave was closed, the paintings were restored to their original state, and are now monitored on a daily basis. Rooms in the cave include The Great Hall of the Bulls, the Lateral Passage, the Shaft of the Dead Man, the Chamber of Engravings, the Painted Gallery, and the Chamber of Felines.

Геоглифы Сахары