North America: Pyramids Майяпан / Mayapan

PHOTO: SdosRemedios 20°37'49.43"С 89°27'34.68"З

Город Майяпан – город-крепость, центральная площадь которого, да и сам город был окружен со всех сторон стенами, сам же город по территории превышал четыре квадратных километра. Не многие города майя возводились в виде крепостей, вражда союзных городов-государств служила основной причиной для строительства и укрепления подобных городов.



Mayapan, meaning Banner of the Mayas, is considered the last great Maya capital, dating back to the beginning of the common Era and reaching its golden age in the Postclassic period. It is believed that this city once had a population of 12,000 inhabitants. Kukulkan II of Chichen Itza founded Mayapan between 1263 and 1283 AD. After his death an aggressive family Cocoom seized power and used Mayapan as a base to subjugate northern Yucatan. They succeeded through wars using Tabascan mercenaries and intermarrying with other powerful families. The Cocoom ruled for 250 years until 1441-1461 AD when an upsart Uxmal based family named Xiu rebelled and slaughtered the Cocoom.

Геоглифы Сахары