Publications  The Sahara geoglyphs 16.12.2018. Part 15. Arabian Geoglyphs

The Sahara geoglyphs

аравийские геоглифыPart 15. Arabian Geoglyphs

Geoglyphs on the Arabian Peninsula were discovered quite a long time ago, at the end of the 70s of the last century. At that time their discovery was a small sensation, and Saudi Arabia even appealed to archaeologists around the world to help solve the mystery of the unusual geoglyphs.

But as is usually the case, when the phenomenon does not fit into the official paradigm, the affair ended in nothing, and the interest to the Arabian geoglyphs gradually faded away.

When Google Earth appeared, Australian researcher David Kennedy discovered hundreds of previously unknown structures in the Harrat Khaybar area, which he called “gates” because they were rectangular in shape and were in fact low walls made of stones.
геоглифы на Аравийском полуострове
Group of Arabian geoglyphs of rectangular shape.
After the publication of data on the new geoglyphs, Dr. Kennedy visited Saudi Arabia, where he could see the discovered structures with his own eyes and fly around them in a helicopter.
This is what he says about his impressions: “The question that always arises when discussing Arabian geoglyphs is Why are they here? Why have these objects been created in this stony, scary and harsh terrain? These structures are completely different from everything I've ever seen before. The geoglyphs do not resemble ritual structures or burials. These are not residential or household buildings, nor are they pens or traps for animals”.

Thus, without knowing it, David Kennedy very precisely described the first and most important similarity of the Arabian geoglyphs with those of the Sahara. They are created in a lifeless place and are not needed for anything other than views from above. They just can't be used for anything else.

This is the historical dead end, due to which academic science has lost interest in geoglyphs in the Arabian Peninsula. They cannot be written in any official version of history. And the estimated age of the geoglyphs, meanwhile, is  5.5 to 9 thousand years, so they date back to the Neolithic era. Thus, the Arabian geoglyphs are at least the same age as the Egyptian pyramids. But who created them at that time?

And it would still be fine, but for the number of the geoglyphs. There are thousands of them, and this is the second similarity between Arabian and Sahara geoglyphs. As in the case with the Sahara, gigantic work has been done on the Arabian Peninsula, which cannot be justified by any human necessity.

Moreover, it is not possible to perform such a colossal work in extreme conditions without tools and special equipment. This is obvious if you are well aware of the volume of the work produced. And this is exactly the problem.

The geoglyphs are located along the coast of the Red Sea in the area of about 1000 km, and deep into the peninsula, for about 300 km. Thus, the area occupied by Arabian geoglyphs is about 300 thousand square meters. km Of course, it is much smaller than the area of the Sahara geoglyphs, but not that small, either. And much more than the area of geoglyphs in the Nazca desert.

The next thing that unites the Arabian geoglyphs with the Sahara ones is the method of manufacture. Just like in the Sahara Desert, the geoglyphs of Arabia are made of small boulders.
The image below shows one of the characteristic fragments. If you look closely, you will notice that there are no stones of this size nearby. Therefore, either they were all collected to make a geoglyph, or they were brought from another place.

аравийские геоглифы

The photo clearly shows that the height of the stone ridge is small, 0.5 to 1 meter. But the length of such walls is at least hundreds of kilometers.

аравийские геоглифы

So on the ground look like parallel lines, why it is called "the gate".

аравийские геоглифы ворота
Photo by David Kennedy.
аравийские геоглифы ворота
Photo by David Kennedy.

As with the Sahara geoglyphs, the simplest form of Arabian geoglyphs is a circle - a point. Sometimes they just do not differ.

The images below show examples of Arabian and Saharan geoglyphs that are very similar in shape.
Аравийский геоглиф.
An Arabian Geoglyph.

геоглиф 8367
Geogliph of the Sahara  SR 834
A few more examples.

аравийские геоглифы круг
Arabian Geoglyph  R 134.

геоглиф Сахары
Geoglyph of the Sahara SKR 17565

Аравийский геоглиф
Arabian Geoglyph  R 219.

геоглиф Сахары
Geoglyph of the Sahara  SKM 194
Among the Arabian geoglyphs, there was even one object, similar to the scalar type symbol in the Sahara, which is a point with two outgoing beams.

Аравийский геоглиф RL 360.
Arabian Geoglyph RL 360.

геоглиф Сахары
Geoglyph of the Sahara  S 8346
As already mentioned, for the most part, the geoglyphs of the Sahara are actually a point with outgoing symmetrically diverging beams, in various modifications. As for the Arabian geoglyphs,  the overwhelming majority of them can be also characterized as  a point , as a rule, with one outgoing beam.

The beam is sometimes similar to the flagellum of a unicell and, just like one, it can wriggle in different directions. But like in the Sahara, it is easily distinguishable against the background of the relief, and leads to the designated point. Practically all the beams, in turn, consist of small single points, and by their performance they are very similar to semicircles and short lines in the Sahara.

Аравийский геоглиф RL 249
Arabian Geoglyph RL 249, with a straight line near it.

A beam departing from a point is often direct. In this case, the Arabian geoglyphs look very much like the Sahara symbols of the type "sputnik", but with one beam missing. There are a lot of such symbols. They are found, both individually and in small groups of 2-3 objects. But there are large clusters consisting of dozens or even hundreds of small geoglyphs.

The next two images below show two typical modifications of Arabian characters, which are based on a point and a departing line, or rather, a line leading to it.

The first image clearly shows that the point, in this case, is nothing more than a Sahara symbol of the SKM type, which have been shown above.

Аравийский геоглиф RL 394.
Arabian Geoglyph  RL 394.

The next image shows a cluster of geoglyphs with a straight beam. A ribbon of small symbols has a length of more than 1.5 km, and it is far from being the only one, and not the largest one, either.

If  such a symbol is circled with an oval, there appears a typical Sahara SK geoglyph.

Скопление аравийских геоглифов.
A cluster of Arabian geoglyphs.
Very often, a beam adjacent to a point is converted into a triangle varying in shape. And this is the second mass type of Arabian geoglyphs.

The image below shows a cluster of such symbols.

Скопление аравийских геоглифов.
A cluster of Arabian geoglyphs.

David Kennedy called such symbols the "keyhole", not knowing about the Saharan geoglyphs. And, of course, this is not an accident. As the Arabian, so the Saharan SK symbols really look like a keyhole. Arabian geoglyphs just lack the oval about them, and the passage widens to the exit.

These symbols are also found in groups, as shown above, but there are a lot of single characters.

A few more interesting examples.

Скопление аравийских символов CS 8.
A cluster of symbols CS 8.

Одиночный символ RT 60.
A single symbol RT 60.
There are triangles occurring separately, without circles. Often they are very elongated and resemble narrow arrows. Several single triangles, as we remember, have been found in the Sahara, too.

Among the Arabian geoglyphs, there are even objects resembling figures and lines in the Nazca desert. One such example is shown in the image below.

Скопление аравийских геоглифов CS 16.
A cluster of Arabian geoglyphs CS 16.

Thus, from the above notes about the Arabian geoglyphs, we can conclude that they have much in common with the Sahara geoglyphs. Same production method, similar objects and items. As in the Sahara, the geoglyphs of Arabia occupy a large area and there are a lot of them.

Therefore, there is every reason to believe that the Arabian geoglyphs are another local orientation system to serve for the Arabian Peninsula.

In addition, there are similar geoglyphs in neighboring countries, Jordan, Israel and others. They are also laid out of small boulders and have similar shapes. It can be assumed that this is the best solution for deserts, where everything is getting covered up with sand. And stone-lined symbols located on the hills will always be clearly visible.  Nothing has happened to them at least for thousands of years, and they still perform their function.

The very first tests of Arabian geoglyphs for compliance with the general principles of building SAMS gave positive results, and symbols meaningless at first glance began to take on meaning.

The image below shows one of the rectangular geoglyphs, next to an oval one, which has additional elements.
один из прямоугольных геоглифов

Aligning the 8-gon with the point in the center of the circle, one can see that the direct beam is oriented by the angle of octagon 22.5°. The angle between the beam and the beginning of the oval element is 45°, and the diagonal of the square indicates the angle of the rectangle.

геоглиф, при помощи октагона, позволяет определить точное расположение сторон света
Thus, this geoglyph, using octagon, allows to determine the exact location of the cardinal points.

The following image shows another similar case. The sides of the triangle coincide with the angles of the octagon, oriented along the cardinal points, and the angle between them is 45°.

аравийских геоглифов

The image below shows a point where the beam is oriented according to the 67.5° octagon angle and it also allows us to determine the cardinal points.

аравийские геоглифы
Next, we consider several cases where the orientation of the elements of the Arabian geoglyphs corresponds to the angles of the pentagram, oriented to the cardinal points.


The orientation of the straight beam of symbol RL 59 corresponds to the pentagram angle of 36°.

арабские геоглифы пентаграмма

The orientation of the straight element in the group of symbols RL 420 corresponds to the hexagram angle of 18°.

The next image shows a single line consisting of individual points.

аравийские геоглифы

The orientation of this line corresponds to the angle of 108°,of a pentagram oriented along the north-south axis.


Next, another similar case. The top of the pentagram coincides with the beginning of the beam.


The orientation of the direct beam of symbol RL 438 corresponds to the pentagram angle of 126°.

Next, we consider several combinations when the orientation of a geoglyph, with the help of regular geometric angles, allows to determine the direction to key points of the SAMS. Since the Arabian geoglyphs have not actually been studied yet, only two of such combinations have been found so far. They were randomly chosen characters, mainly with regard of their size.

But the main thing is that there are such combinations, and there is no reason to doubt about their being accidental or not.

The next two images show a large geoglyph, with the length of the beam consisting of individual points of more than 600 meters. The orientation of this beam is close to the value of 338°.

The direction to the Great Pyramid at this point has an azimuth of 318.10°. Thus, the angle between the orientation of the beam and the direction to the Great Pyramid is 20° and corresponds to the angle of the 9-gon — nonagon.

In order for the angles of the 9-gon to coincide with the orientation of the beam and the direction to the Great Pyramid at Giza, it must be rotated 1.9° counterclockwise.
Аравийский геоглиф RL 290.
Arabian Geoglyph RL 290.

направление на Великую  пирамиду
The blue line shows the direction to the Great Pyramid.

The following image shows a large cluster of “keyholes”, which we have already seen above.

The five keyholes on the left side, superimposed on one another, have a common foundation. The orientation of this foundation corresponds to a 45° octagon angle.

The direction to Uluru at this point is 112.48° and with an error of 2 hundredths of a degree also corresponds to the angle of the octagon, oriented to the cardinal points.

Thus, from this group of symbols, with the help of an octagon, you can get the cardinal directions and the direction to Uluru, which is shown in the image below by the orange line.
геоглифы октагон

Just as in the Sahara, a regularity is revealed on the Arabian Peninsula: where geoglyphs are found, it turns out that the direction to the reference point of the SAMS corresponds to an angle of a regular figure. Or, conversely, where the azimuth on an object is of particular importance, geoglyphs are located.
At this point we finish considering the Arabian geoglyphs for the time being, their study is still ahead. What has already been said is enough to make the reasonable assumption that the geoglyphs in the Sahara desert, on the Arabian Peninsula and in other places are parts of an integrate whole.

In the next part we are going to make a small summary of the results and try to justify the navigation version.

You can see photos of some Arabian geoglyphs in the following galleries.