Europe: Petroglyphs, Frescos АЛЬТАМИРА / Cave of Altamira

PHOTO: ka2 43°22'39.54"С 4° 7'19.85"З

Альтамира — пещера в Испании с полихромной каменной живописью эпохи верхнего палеолита. Пещера длиной 270 м состоит из серии двойных коридоров и зал. На его потолке более 15 тыс. лет назад первобытные художники изобразили около 20 бизонов, лошадей и кабанов. При этом каждое животное нарисовано превосходно, с необходимой экспрессией: например, бизоны здесь изображены пасущимися, бегущими, лежащими, ранеными. Пабло Пикассо после посещения пещеры сказал: « "После Альтамиры всё упадок "».



Altamira (Spanish for 'high view') is a cave in Spain famous for its Upper Paleolithic cave paintings featuring drawings and polychrome rock paintings of wild mammals and human hands. It is located near the town of Santillana del Mar in Cantabria, Spain, 30 km west of the city of Santander. The cave with its paintings has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. On a summer's day in 1879, an amateur anthropologist and his eight-year old daughter were exploring the area around Santillana del Mar, when they came across an opening to a cave. It had been exposed a few years previously by a landslide provoked by heavy rains. A hunter had chanced upon it the year before, but finding no bears or wolves, he continued on his way. Intrigued, father and daughter lit their charcoal lamps and climbed in through the entrance. As the anthropologist scoured the floor for bones and arrowheads his daughter looked up to the cave's ceiling and exclaimed, “Look Dad, they're cows!