Asia: Temples, Palaces МОНАСТЫРЬ УНДЖУСА / Unjusa Temple

PHOTO: Junwoo Yim 34°55'27.19"С 126°52'43.73"В

Монастырь Унджуса находится в 26 км к юго-западу от города Хвасунып. Он был основан буддийским монахом Тосонгуксой в период Силла (676—935). От тысячи статуй Будды и тысячи пагод, когда-то находившихся в этом монастыре, ныне остались 18 пагод и 80 статуй Будды. Согласно местным религиозным представлениям, Корейский полуостров считался «неустойчивым» и мог «перевернуться» из-за того, что в его юго-западной части (Хонам) было меньше гор, чем в юго-восточной ( Ённам). Чтобы предотвратить такое бедствие в Хонаме во множестве создавались статуи Будды и строились тысячи пагод.



Unjusa Temple is unlike other temples in that it has unusual Buddha statues and pagodas – it is often referred to as a mysterious temple. The founder of Unjusa Temple is not known but it is speculated that it was built during the Silla Period (BC 57~935). Unjusa does not have a Geumgangmun or Cheonwangmun, which are very often seen in Buddhist temples. The first thing you see when you enter Unjusa is the 9-story stone pagoda (National Treasure no. 796). The tower, again, does not have intricate designs, and is very simple. As you walk past the 9-story pagoda, you come to a forked road. Turning left, you will see Chilseong Rock. Because it resembles the 7 stars of the Big Dipper, some people argue that the rock is imitating the constellation. Follow the same road further and you will see two Buddha statues, called Wabul, where Buddha is resting on its side, lying down. These statues are, among the ones in Unjusa Temple, the most intricate in design and execution. Go up a bit further, and you will see the Siwibul Statue standing. Pass Siwibul Statue through the thick groves, and you will come to a series of 7-storey and 5-storey stone pagodas. What makes the stone pagodas of Unjusa Temple interesting to examine is that they each boats several unique designs and features.