Europe: Dolmens, Seids ТИНКИНСВУД / Tinkinswood

PHOTO: Evagarth 51°27'5.04"С 3°18'28.81"З

Тинкинсвуд — доисторическая гробница-камерный дольмен на территории Уэльса. Датируется 5 тыс. до н. э., эпохой неолита. Вокруг погребальной камеры в древности существовало поселение. Внутри гробницы обнаружено около 920 человеческих костей, относящихся в общей сложности к 40 различным людям. Предположительно тела сначала оставляли на открытом воздухе, и только потом переносили в погребальную камеру. В гробнице обнаружена неолитическая керамика и изделия культуры колоколовидных кубков, что говорит о длительности её использования, вплоть до начала бронзового века. К гробнице подходят два параллельных ряда камней, образующие своеобразную «улицу».



Tinkinswood was a once a village but now all that remains is the burial chamber, which was built about 6000 BP, about 1,000 years or so before Stonehenge was constructed. The site was excavated in 1914, and inside the chamber there were 920 human bones, which were nearly all broken. This showed that at least forty people of all ages and sexes were buried there during the Neolithic period; it would appear to be a burial chamber used by the whole settlement. The corpses of the dead were probably left exposed before being moved into the burial chamber. Neolithic and Bell-Beaker style pottery has also been found, this showed that the burial chamber tomb was probably used by a community over a long period of time, maybe up until the early Bronze Age period. Restoration work was carried out at the same time, with a brick pillar built to support the capstone. From the site two parallel lines of stones form an avenue leading away from the burial chamber to the south east. Along a second avenue to the north east lie many stones. A large single stone stands due east, and two flat parallel standing stones point to the top of the nearby Coed Sion Hill. The site is managed by Cadw, which is a Welsh Assembly Government body responsible for the protection, conservation and promotion of the built heritage of Wales.