Europe: Ancient cities Палекастро / Palaikastro

PHOTO: MJJR 35°11'52.38"С 26°15'17.80"В

Палекастро - древнее поселение городского типа на восточном берегу острова Крит. Раскопки производились преимущественно в начале 20 в. Культурные слои П. содержат значительные остатки периода расцвета крито-микенской культуры и более раннего времени. Рядом с поселением располагался большой некрополь. Сохранились руины древнегреческого святилища Зевса Диктейского.



Ancient site Roussolakkos
Roussolakkos is the only Minoan city to have survived intact. Its harbor, outlying settlements, sanctuaries, and quarries preserved under sediments accumulating over more than 2,000 years. It was here, the ancient authors tell us, that Diktaian Zeus (the youthful Cretan equivalent of the classical Greek god Dionysos) was born and here where the young god founded his holy city. It was also here that Jason and the Argonauts confronted Talos, the man of bronze, a generation before the Trojan War.

Bronze age settlement
 The earliest written records documenting the worship of Diktaian Zeus at
Palaikastro come from the Mycenaean Greek archives at Knossos and date to the close of the Cretan Bronze Age (ca. 1300 b.c.), however, sacred art and architecture dating from all periods has been found, suggesting that the site was hallowed throughout its occupation history. Among the most beautiful artifacts attesting the worship of Diktaian Zeus is a unique gold and ivory statuette of the god made ca. 1500 b.c. See this and more stuff at the museum in Sitia.