.jpg
PHOTO: zekiguveyler 2125'21.00" 3949'34.31"

́ — , 100 . . . — . 630 ., , , , . , , . -. . . , . . . , . 1803 . ; , , ; 1840 . .

 

 

Mecca, sometimes spelled Makkah is the holiest meeting site of the Islamic religion. The city is modern, cosmopolitan and whilst being closed to non-muslims is nonetheless ethnically diverse. Islamic tradition attributes the beginning of Mecca to Ishmael's descendants. In the 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad proclaimed Islam in the city which was by then an important trading center. After 966, Mecca was led by local sharifs, until 1924, when it came under the rule of the Saudis. In its modern period Mecca has seen a great expansion in size and infrastructure. According to Islamic tradition, the history of Mecca goes back to Abraham who built the Kaaba with the help of his son Ishmael in around 2000 BC when the inhabitants of Mecca had fallen away from monotheism through the influence of the Amelkites. The Kaaba was used as a repository for the idols and tribal gods of Arabia's nomadic tribes. Mecca's most important god was Hubal, placed there by the ruling Quraysh tribe and remaining until the 7th century AD.


 

22.08.2017 .

: 0  

17.05.2017 .

: 0  

11.04.2017

: 0