Asia: Processed stones / Yazilikaya Hattusas

PHOTO: ilkeryolsal 40 1'30.93" 3437'57.13"

— (). . 1838 . 1838 — 1839 . . 1952—1969 . , , XV . ., , , IV 1250 — 1220 . . , , — , . — , IV. , . : , — , , . , () . , . — , - .



The rock sanctuary of Yazılıkaya lies nestled between rock outcroppings at the foot of the high ridge east of Hattusha. In contrast to the temples within the city, the two rooms of this sanctuary (Chambers A and B), hemmed in by natural rock faces up to 12 m high, lie open to the skies. Although the site has been in use since the 15th century BC at least, not until the 13th century did the long procession of gods and goddesses take their place here, chiseled onto the rock faces by Hittite sculptors. It apparently represents the "House of the New Year's Celebration," a House of the Weather God where festivities were held to honor all the pantheon at the coming of the New Year and the beginning of spring. The actual rock sanctuary was screened off from the outside world by a rather impressive architectural complex. Although only the wall socle zone remains in place, the reconstruction drawing gives an idea of how the buildings must have looked with the typical mudbrick and timber frame wall construction that was employed here as well. Through this building complex one would have entered the large Chamber A. Here on either side reliefs can be seen, chiseled into panels running horizontally across the natural limestone walls.