Asia: Temples, Palaces / Somapura Mahavihara

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PHOTO: archsmitra 25 1'51.64" 8858'37.05"

— . . . — , 177 . 85 . . . . , (781—821) . XI (). , . XX . 1985 . .

 

 

The ruins of Somapura Mahavihara, at Paharpur, Bangladesh, is regarded as one of the most important Buddhist viharas in the Indian subcontinent. It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site during the 9th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting in Paris, France, on 2-6 December, 1985. Somapura Mahavihara is celebrated for its harmonious lines along with a profusion of carved decorations. The vihara is said to have influence Buddhist architecture as the religion spread to as far as Cambodia. It is one of the five great mahaviharas, or monasteries, which were established in ancient Bengal during the Pala period. These five monasteries existed together, forming a system of coordination among themselves. Excavations at Somapura Mahavihara show that it was built by the second Pala king, Dharmapala, around 781-821 AD. This comes from clay seals with inscriptions that were discovered.


 

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