Russia: Ancient cities Ҩ / KOSTENKI

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PHOTO: dmitry_vrn 5122'41.16" 39 3'7.79"

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The view 35 000 years ago in late summer would have been very similar, but there would have been many fewer trees (spruce, and the plants which typically accompany it, such as the lesser club moss or spikemoss Selaginella selaginoides, as well as larch, willow and aspen), and then only along the edge of the river as a gallery forest, and the trees would have been much smaller because of the harsher climatic conditions, equivalent to those prevailing now 10 degrees further north, at around 61 north. The river would have been smaller also, since there was less precipitation, and the viewpoint would have been only a few metres in altitude above the river. Springs and seeps, which are still present in the area today, emanated from the bedrock valley wall. Their presence may account for the unusually high concentration of Upper Paleolithic sites in this part of the central East European Plain. Found at the Russian site of Kostenki in 1988, is by far the biggest such object known from the ice age. The height of the surviving fragment is 13.5 cm (5.5 inches) It is noteworthy not only for its massive size and the prominent navel, but also for the bracelets on the wrists, which appear to be joined together at the front like a pair of handcuffs. This Venus figure from Kostienki made of mammoth bone shows the characteristic pregnancy, well developed buttocks and pendulous breasts of many such statues. In the rear view she can be seen to be wearing a fringe or girdle.


 

11.04.2018

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06.03.2018 .

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