Asia: Rocky villages / Barabar Caves

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About 40 km north-east of the city of the Indian state of Bihar Gaya, is in the middle of the flat yellow-green plains, stands the small rocky ridge stretching about three kilometers. In the rocks of the ridge is Barabar cave monastery - the oldest extant in India. Four caves, carved (?) In the rock, refer to the period of King Ashoka the Great, the first monarch who accepted Buddhism as the official religion.


The monastery Barabar was not a Buddhist. He belonged to the sect Ajivikas that during the reign of King Ashoka was the main rival of Buddhism. The caves themselves - the gift of King Asoka of the sect, as the inscription on one of the walls.


The biggest mystery Barabar Caves are perfectly polished walls, the right semicircle.